Production Series – Part 3 by Ali Danish (ERP Microsoft D365FO Solution Architect | Corporate Trainer)
“Every morning in the corporate world, a consultant wakes up and decides whether he will be a billable or a nonbillable resource today. If he is billable, he will add value or not. For me, a true value-added digital transformation is successful if all the stakeholders in the organization are enjoying the daylight with family or friends. Trust me, it’s a blessing to reach home at 4 PM. Apologies for being such a spoiler.”
Before you all get teary-eyed, let us jump to the agenda.
Top Floor: A manufacturing world top floor is referring to the people who are directing the show. The operations director, planning director, or manager are the key resources for the top floor. They are responsible for analytics, planning, forecasting, and defining the KPIs for the production resources.
Shop Floor: A shop floor is a manufacturing facility where assembly or production is carried out, either by an automated system or by workers or a combination of both. The shop floor may include inventory, equipment, workers, etc. It's an area in the facility where things are made physically.
Then, what does the production manager do?
The production manager is coordinating and bridging the gap between the top floor and the shop floor. The production manager is responsible for production units and the production process.
The production manager is the process owner for the shop floor. Once the production order is started, the material and resources are consumed, till the production order is ended, the shop floor or production manager owns all these activities.
In this blog, we will create the production order manually from the Production module. We will discuss the production lifecycle and steps involved in the production along with the scheduling options that are available in Microsoft Dynamics 365.
Production life cycle
Step by step process
Scheduling will be used to plan the production process, in Microsoft Dynamics D365 SCM, we can perform the operation scheduling or job scheduling. The production route will determine the start and ending date and time and also the material required to produce the finished good items.
Operations VS Job Scheduling
There are two major options for scheduling direction in D365.
Forward from scheduling date
The Forward from scheduling date option (forward scheduling) will be used to schedule the production to start at the earliest date possible. The scheduling will run forward in time and the production will be scheduled to end at the earliest possible end date.
If machine capacity is booked today, this scheduling option will schedule production to start at a time when machine capacity is free (earliest start date). It will then plan production forward in time from this date to reach the earliest possible end date.
This option is also known as the "push" method because production is pushed through the process. You can schedule production to start today, tomorrow, or at any date in the future. Today's date is set up for the Scheduling date by default.
Backward from scheduling date
If we use Backward from the scheduling date (backward scheduling), Supply Chain Management schedules the production to begin as late as possible, without jeopardizing the target deadline from being met.
Backward scheduling is based on the date that the production must be completed (latest end-date) rather than when it is started. The schedule is prepared by counting backward to the latest possible date that the production can be started.
This option is also known as the "pull" method because production is driven by the end date and pulled back through the production process to its start date.
Let's schedule the production for Operation Scheduling first.
Select the scheduling direction "Back from the delivery date" and Press ok.
In the Capacity reservation form, we can see that all the operations are scheduled for the resources by date, there is no start and end time. If you need a start and end time, you need to select job scheduling.
Since we selected the scheduling direction "Backward from the delivery date", System will make sure that the finished good must be produced on 10th March maximum. (Delivery date for this production order is 10th March). Though the resources are available for scheduling on 8th March, the system will not schedule it on 8th, it will delay the production for one day based on my delivery date.
Operations Scheduling "Forward from today"
I have also run the simulation for scheduling direction "Forward from today", in this case, the system has scheduled the resource from 8th March and finished good will be ready on 9th March. Forward from today option will be used to schedule the production as soon as the resources are available.
Based on the route for the finished good items, Job scheduling splits the different operations into their specific jobs, which are planned in detail for each of the resources.
Job Scheduling - Forward from today
Select the scheduling direction "Forward from today". Press ok.
In the below screen, the system has updated the production order status to "Scheduled". Also, the scheduling status is "Job scheduled".
Job Scheduling Capacity Reservation
In the below screenshot we can see that the jobs are scheduled by the system from 8th March, the resources (machines) are scheduled on 8th and 9th March. Also, we can see the start and end times.
The Release step indicates when the production order is released to the production shop floor so that the shop floor operators can report progress on the production jobs.
Now the Production order is released to the shop floor. The next step in the production cycle is to start the production order. The production supervisor will start the production order.
Validate price calculation
Once the job card is posted, you can view the price calculation form. The realized cost is calculated for the assembly (ASS01) and packing (PAC01) operations.
Report as finished
The inventory is not "Available physical" in the warehouse.
Once the report as finished is posted, The inventory transaction will be updated for the finished good item with receipt status "Received". You can also see the Physical date in the below screenshot.
This is the final procedure out of seven which explains the production order lifecycle.
Conclusion & Recommendation
Stay tuned for the next article, In the meantime, Walk the Talk.
You can find Part 1 of this series here, and Part 2 of the series here.
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